NFT’s Explained in 4 minutes!

NFT stands for Non-Fungible Token. Non-fungible means that something cannot be
exchanged for another item because it's unique. For instance, one piece of art is not equal
to another. Both have unique properties. Fungible items, on the other hand, can be
exchanged for one another. For instance: one dollar or Bitcoin is always
equal to another. Okay, but what is an NFT? NFTs are tokens that live on a blockchain
and represent ownership of unique items. Why is that useful? Well, tracking who owns a digital file is
tricky because it can be copied and distributed effortlessly. So how can you prove who's the original owner
when everyone has an identical copy of the file? NFTs solve this problem. Imagine that you made a piece of digital art,
essentially a JPG, on your computer. You can create or mint an NFT out of this. The NFT that represents your art contains
a bit of information about it, such as a unique fingerprint of the file, a token name, and
a symbol.

This token is then stored onto a blockchain,
and you, the artist, become the owner. Now you can sell that token by creating a
transaction on the blockchain. The blockchain makes sure that this information
can never be tampered with. It also allows you to track who's the current
owner of a token and for how much it has been sold in the past. It's important to note that the artwork itself
is not stored within the NFT or the blockchain. Only its attributes such as the fingerprint
or hash of the file, a token name, and symbol, and optionally a link to a file hosted on
IPFS.

More about that in this video here. Now here's where NFT's become weird. When you buy an NFT that represents artwork,
you don't get a physical copy of it. Heck, most of the time, everyone can download
a copy for free. The NFT only represents ownership, and that
is recorded in a blockchain so nobody can tamper with it. Some say that NFT's give you digital bragging
rights. And to make it even weirder: while the token
owner owns the original artwork, the creator of the NFT retains the copyright and the reproduction
rights.

So an artist can sell his original artwork
as an NFT, but he can still sell prints. Aside from digital art, NFT's can also be
used to sell concert tickets, domain names, rare in-game items, real estate, and basically
anything that is unique and needs proof of ownership. For example, the founder of Twitter sold his
first tweet as an NFT. Anyone can see that tweet on his profile,
but now, only one person can own it.

And that person paid over 2.9 million dollars
for it. I could even make an NFT out of this video. You could then buy it and be the owner of
this video, even though it's free to watch for everyone. Why are some NFTs worth millions? Well, their worth is determined by what people
are willing to pay for it. If I'm willing to pay a hundred dollars for
a particular NFT, then it's worth a hundred dollars. Prices are driven by demand, so be careful
because an expensive NFT becomes worthless if nobody wants to buy it. Okay, one more thing before we end: how do
they work technically? NFTs are smart contracts that live on a blockchain.

In this case, the contract stores the unique
properties of the item and keeps track of current and previous owners. An NFT can even be programmed to give royalties
to the creator every time it exchanges hands. So there you have it! NFTs explained in under 4 minutes. I hope you found it interesting, and if you
did, consider subscribing to this channel. Thanks for watching, and till next time!.

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